Mobile website development, as the term suggests, refers to Web development for mobile devices. One such mobile device is the eReader. This is an increasingly popular hand-held device that displays eBooks. eBook reader is optimized for reduced eye strain. Other than eBooks, you could also use it for newspapers and real books. Popular eReaders include Kindle, Kindle 2, Sony PRS-505, and jetbook. Mobile Web development is also done for tablets like the iPad and Smartphones like Samsung Galaxy and the iPhone series.
There must be consideration of how functions will be affected by interface changes. Consider the proprietary plug-in components that can be used. As an example, you cannot use Flash on an iPad, iPod, or iPhone. Technologies like Java and Silverlight will not work as intended on Apple Inc. devices and there is a high likelihood that they will be blocked in the future. With this information, you will be able to choose the most appropriate plug-in. Testing is important in mobile website development.
There are several emulators in the market that will help you simulate your designs. Test designs on all the platforms you can manage. Some of the emulators that you should test on are Android emulator, Blackberry emulator, Dot Mobi emulator, Firefox Mobile emulator, iPhone/iPad/iPod Touch emulator, Klondike WML emulator, Microsoft Devices emulator, OpenWave emulator (archive), Opera Mobile emulator, Samsung Java emulator, and Windows Mobile emulator. Consider the structural code (style and markup) working behind the scene.
The language should be mobile-friendly, examples being WML and XHTML mobile profiles. Reduce the size of the pages as much as possible. Particularly important is reducing the size of the images, media, and the text. Ensure that you have high speeds and that the cost is high enough. Ensure that visitors know that you have a mobile-friendly version of the website. Ensure that visitors do not have to scroll down since this is difficult on mobile devices like Smartphones and eReaders.